WINCHESTER — A proposal to create the Shenandoah Valley African American History Center in New Market has come under fire over concerns that it doesn't have input from African Americans.

The New Market-based Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation is seeking $1.65 million in state funds to establish the center and to make improvements at the New Market Battlefield. Twenty-ninth District Del. Chris Collins, R-Frederick County, and Sen. Emmett Hanger, R-Augusta County, who represents the 24th District, have patroned a budget amendment for the funds. Under the proposal, $825,000 would be provided to the foundation in fiscal year 2021 and another $825,000 in FY22.

The center would focus on the region’s black history. It would be located in a historic schoolhouse across from the foundation’s headquarters. According to the New Market Historical Society, abolitionist Jessie Rupert built the schoolhouse in 1867 with assistance from the Freedman’s Bureau and the American Missionary Society. Black and white students were taught there. Rupert was threatened by the Ku Klux Klan for flying an American flag at the school, but she threatened to shoot the klansmen with a pistol she kept in her shirt pocket.

On Jan. 15, shortly after the foundation requested the funds, members of various African American organizations were invited to the foundation's headquarters to discuss the project. According to people who were at the meeting, the foundation was criticized for moving forward with the project without getting input from African Americans. 

Robin Lyttle, president of the Shenandoah Valley Black Heritage Project in Harrisonburg, was at the Jan. 15 meeting. She told The Star on Monday that while she likes the idea of an African American history center, she objects to the location. She said the schoolhouse tells a “powerful story,” but it speaks more to the Reconstruction era than African American heritage. She thinks other sites, including Harrisonburg's Dallard-Newman House, which was built by freed slaves in 1875, would be more appropriate.

Lyttle noted that the foundation has an all-white board and has done very little to highlight African American history. She said she wants the foundation to postpone the project until it gets feedback from the African American community.  

“Because if it goes forward without African American input it’s just not right,” Lyttle said. “And white men can’t tell African American history anymore. That’s the way it’s always been and it’s got to stop. And our governor wanted equity and this is not equity.”

Although she was not at the Jan. 15 meeting, Dorothy Davis, a board member of the Josephine School Community Museum and Clarke County African-American Cultural Center in Berryville, also has objections about the project. She said that up until very recently the foundation seemed disinterested in African American history. She also dislikes that the foundation erected a new Confederate monument in September at the Third Winchester Battlefield in Frederick County at a time when some communities are taking down Confederate monuments or considering taking them down because they are a reminder of the nation's slave-holding past.

"The idea that they have suddenly decided to establish and support an African American history center without even having contact with African American groups the [Shenandoah] Valley. It’s puzzling," Davis said.

Keven Walker, chief executive officer of the foundation, which manages the eight-county Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District, disputes the notion that the group is a Confederate or "Lost Cause" organization. He said the foundation believes that monuments help tell the stories of soldiers and civilians. And while the foundation does have an all-white board, he said it has had African American members in the past.

"We pride ourselves in being a colorblind organization,” Walker said. “And so the people who are on our board and on our staff have been selected not on the basis of the color of their skin, but on what they bring to promoting the heritage and culture of the Shenandoah Valley."

On Monday, Walker met with several local NAACP members and Kristen Laise, executive director of Belle Grove Plantation near Middletown, to try to garner support for the project. The meeting was held at the foundation's visitors center at the Third Winchester Battlefield Park. Davis was there briefly.

“I don’t think we did a good enough job early in our history about talking about any of the social history,” Walker conceded during the meeting. “Not just African American history, but any of the social history. What were women’s roles in all of this? How did the women’s suffrage movement grow out of the strength. We haven’t been telling any of those stories. But that’s not just us. The public history of the United States has been an evolving history ... and we are a part of that.”

James R. Coates Jr., the local NAACP's legal redress chairman, told Walker that part of the opposition to the project may have something to do with public perception of the foundation. Coates said it seems like the foundation’s public relations outreach is stronger with those who want to erect Confederate monuments than it is with those who would prefer to see Union monuments or no Civil War monuments at all.

Some people at the meeting said foundation events seem to draw enthusiastic support from organizations such as the Daughters of the Confederacy. 

Walker said it has always been the foundation's intent to have the black community heavily involved in the development of the African American history center. But right now all the group has is a concept.

He also believes the New Market schoolhouse is an appropriate location to tell African American history. “The KKK surrounded that building and threatened those black children and that white teacher and she had to carry a gun under her skirt to protect those children,” Walker said. “Now tell me that’s not a black enough site."

He added that the foundation rushed to pursue state funds because it had a limited amount of time to do so.

“We had a window,” Walker said. “And we have, for the first time in a long time, a General Assembly made up of Democrats." He said Democrats are traditionally more willing to spend money on projects in general. "So all of these things align for a moment. Do we just not take that moment?”

Coates told Walker it would be “asinine not to do it just because you have opposition.”

“You are going to have opposition regardless of what you do or regardless of what you say,” Coates said.

After the meeting, Coates said he was "thoroughly pleased" with what he heard. “[Walker] caused me to think quite a bit. And I am nowhere near as negative about the project as I was coming in from what I had been hearing from other sources. I see a lot of room for collaboration. I see no reason why this thing couldn’t go forward. Does it need tweaking? Absolutely.”

Coates said the local NAACP hasn't taken an official position on the project. It won't be able to consider the matter until its next meeting in March.

However, some of the group's members individually have expressed support. Local NAACP Education Chairman Tyson Gilpin sent a letter of support for the project to Virginia lawmakers, saying “attention to African-American culture in the Shenandoah Valley is long overdue.” 

Professor Jonathan Noyalas, director of Shenandoah University’s McCormick Civil War Institute, also sent a letter of support. “Support of this budget amendment will provide resources necessary to show not only the difficulties African Americans confronted during the Civil War era in the Valley, but to challenge the Lost Cause narrative which has permeated the Valley for far too long,” he wrote.

The Lost Cause is an ideology that the cause of the Confederacy during the Civil War was just and heroic.

The Northeast Neighborhood Association, an African American-founded nonprofit group in Harrisonburg, has also expressed support for the center.

But funding may elude the project, as it has not been included in the House or Senate budget proposals. According to Collins, the House and Senate Conference Committee could add the project, but that would be extremely unlikely.

Even if it doesn't receive the funds, the foundation will still pursue the project, but raising the money will be difficult, Walker said.

— Contact Josh Janney at

(17) comments

Spock Here

As a white person descended from Anglo / Eastern Europe, I am privileged to know much of my family history, when they emigrated, etc. I have pictures, some records, and know much of who and what and where I'm from and a more general history of my "race.". This privilege does not extend to a large segment of society. They were brought to this country and bought and sold, given new names, and their family history largely wiped out. I would think a museum could possibly provide a sense of roots and history to some. Answer questions not taught in schools. Do they want a stupid monument to some event, or the privilege of knowing general history, habits, people, and stuff I take for granted, things that can usually be answered with a simple question....not everyone enjoys that..I would imagine the Black experience in the Shenandoah county is different from, say, a Black New England experience. We have a Holocaust museum so that we "never forget." We have a museum at Ground Zero in NYC so that we "never forget." We have a monument at Peal Harbor so that we "never forget." Apart from the bickering over who should be on the board and where it should be located, it would appear that many think we'd better not forget about Uncle Jed, who fought for the Cause, but hey, you other guys...assimilate, your particular history and heritage doesn't matter. White privilege at its finest. Let's just sweep that sorry fact of slavery that covered 200 plus years in our history away, poof!

Admiral Emluk of Borbistan

It is impossible to sweep away hundreds of years of history. How to preserve and present it is the issue, I think (and how has a say in it). We all have assimilated, knowingly or unknowingly, in the years/decades/centuries since our ancestors came here. Uncle Jed was probably drafted for the cause (statistically) or joined before he could be and fought, as soldiers always fought, for one another rather than for some big cause.

Admiral Emluk of Borbistan

I get so tired of this garbage. Nobody is ever happy. There is always someone with a chip on their shoulder just waiting for someone to come along and knock it off so they can feel aggrieved. Liberals foster a culture of victims and victimization.


Please tell me why a Confederate statue is racist but everything black American is not. Its history and way in the past. Slavery was wrong, I don't think anyone would disagree with that, but you cannot erase history. This everything black is getting out of control and you wonder why the cone heads are coming out of the closet.

I agree with conservative, you are an American, skin color or not. You want to be African, go back and maybe you can appreciate the USA and what it means to live here.


A statue honoring the Rebellion of 1861-1865 (the name used by the U.S. Army that defeated it) honors a rebellion fought explicitly to protect wealth in the form of human beings. The enslavers were afraid that the laws governing their wealth would be changed (by legal process) so they didn't wait, but seceded in a way that led to war.

Anyone who has any doubt at all about the reason for the rebellion need only read the documents of the time, especially the Cornerstone speech by Alexander Stephens, Vice President of the Rebellion "government,"

After the War, when slavery had been defeated, the same Rebels, full of shame, began a process of denial that has now gone on for 150 years. Of course, not all of us descended from Rebels buy into that denial.


If that's the case, why can't you explain the union you behold so highly allowed slave-owning states to stay? They actually encouraged part of VA to secede to form West VA, but I don't hear you complain about that secessionist act, which supposedly was illegal. Either they were more concerned about preserving the union (which your beloved tyrant Lincoln stated as much in his first inaugural address, followed by the Crittenden-Johnson resolution, which states the reason for the war was to bring the breakaway states back into the union (nothing about freeing slaves in either document). By the way, how many people were tried and found guilty of treason for this so-called "rebellion"? ZERO!


I couldn't have said it any better, Rattler.




Unless you came here from Africa, you are not African. The same goes for everyone else that claims (insert country name)-American. If you are referring to skin color, then refer to skin color. There is no shame in having a different skin color. But if you were born in America, you are an AMERICAN.

Jennifer Welliver

I think you will find that most of the people who use the term "African American" are white people who are afraid of the color reference. Most of the black folks I know use the word "black" or "Black Americans" or "People of Color" when identifying themselves as a race.

If we are really interested in history and not simply celebrating the white "heroes" of the Civil War or the "lost cause" than it seems like there would be equal representation to the black history of the era as there is to the white, which there isn't yet and any intention to rectify that has only been recent and is often met with anger by those who have until now had all of the honor.

I think it is pretty odd that a board or committee of people dedicated to preserving Civil War History in this day and age would not have an expressed goal of maintaining a diverse membership that represented the understanding of the history from the point of view of the descendants of the slaves.

I don't in any way assume the people pursuing this museum idea have anything but good intentions and a desire to attain grant money for a project, but the history of the schoolhouse they describe seems to prove the point that they still view it from a "white person's" perspective in that the teacher is the subject of the story.


Equal representation is the operative word. That's not what is happening. I don't think anyone has a problem with that. The problem is that Confederate memorials are being tore down or moved or graffiti and black memorials are being erected. Why can't you have both and then maybe the history can be discussed instead of white is wrong and black is right

Jennifer Welliver

I am fine with both. I am also fine with neither. I am happy to keep all of it in museums and books, which is really where it belongs.


I know many black people also. We as white are not politically correct if we say black or people of color. I bet your friends use the n word with each other also. I don't think thats what article is about. Can we say black privilege


I never see this argument made against the hundreds of Slovak-American, Italian-American and other such organizations. Unless you have been in touch with those groups as well, it is reasonable to presume you are a racist.


I think it's reasonable to assume you did not read my post completely then.


He doesn't seem to be interested in other viewpoints, other than stirring up trouble and creating divides, oh and promoting incomplete and/or inaccurate historical events.


Do you have Italian American month. Do you replace monuments with Italians. Wrong debate

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