Civil War Monument

This Confederate soldier statue has been in downtown Winchester since 1916.

WINCHESTER — The Virginia Department of Historic Resources disagrees with a claim by Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation CEO Keven Walker that a 2001 easement prevents the foundation from moving a Confederate soldier statue in downtown Winchester.

Last year, property that includes the 1916 Confederate statue and the historic Frederick County courthouse, which now houses the Shenandoah Valley Civil War Museum, was deeded by Frederick County to the New Market-based foundation for 200 years. The agreement says the property must be used for the preservation of local history and the operation of a museum. It also says the Confederate statue may not be altered or removed. Failure to comply with the agreement would result in the property reverting back to the county.

In June, an online petition was started to remove the Confederate statue, with many of the 5,200 people who have signed it saying its presence symbolizes racial oppression and honors the Confederacy’s attempts to preserve slavery.

The situation is not unique. Confederate monuments across the country have come under increased scrutiny in recent months in the wake of racial unrest following the police killing of a Black man in Minneapolis by a white police officer on May 25.

Frederick County Attorney Roderick Williams told The Star last month that if the foundation wants to move the statue, it would have to negotiate with the county’s Board of Supervisors about modifying the deed. The foundation, which operates the museum, has concerns about renegotiating the deed with the county, so it doesn't consider that an option, Walker told The Star in June.

But the deed isn't the only hurdle prohibiting the statue's removal, Walker added. Even if the foundation wanted to move the statue, which it doesn't, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) has an 2001 easement on the property that prevents its relocation, he said.

DHR officials say that's incorrect.

“I believe there is an impediment to removal, but I don’t think it’s the Deed of Easement,” DHR Director/State Historic Preservation Officer Julie Langan said Wednesday. “I think it’s the Deed of Trust [from Frederick County to the foundation]. And so, from my perspective, this is more of a local issue than it is a Commonwealth issue. The easement, which was recorded in 2001 ... is much less restrictive than the Deed of Trust. It was written at a time when that’s how we wrote easements. It’s typical of its time. If we were to write an easement today, we would probably be more explicit about how the monument would be handled. But because it’s not even mentioned, it’s highly unlikely that we would deny a request for its removal. That said, we haven’t gotten a request. And I don’t expect that we will get a request.”

According to the easement, photographs were taken in January 2001 to document the appearance and condition of the easement property, which includes the courthouse and Confederate statue. It states that the property, including the exterior and interior of the courthouse, “shall be maintained and preserved in its documented state as nearly as practicable, except for changes which are expressly permitted hereunder.”

The easement also says that the courthouse can't be demolished or removed from the property, or its exterior or interior be altered, restored, renovated or extended except in a way that would be consistent with the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic properties. Additionally, "no other permitted structure shall be constructed, altered, restored, renovated, or extended except in a way that would, in the opinion of the [Department of historic Resources] be in keeping with the historic and architectural character of the Easement Property, and provided the prior written approval of the [DHR] to such actions shall have been obtained.”

While the easement makes no reference to the statue, Walker believes the statue is protected from removal because the easement protects the property itself and says it should be maintained the way it was documented in 2001.

Walker told The Star that DHR officials reached out to him last month to say that they don’t believe the easement protects the monument.

“We immediately reached back out to them and said, ‘Actually, you are wrong,’” Walker said. “The monument is protected. It is protected in the easement very clearly. The easement lists the courthouse itself specifically and expressly. But then it says that the courtyard will be maintained in the condition that it is at the time of the recording of the easement and as recorded in the photographs taken and filed at a certain office in the state. Those photographs and that statement clearly protects the courtyard in front of the courthouse, including the flagpoles, the monument. There’s little markers that are there. A walkway. All of that has to stay exactly like it was on the day the photographs were taken."

Walker said the DHR is “picking and choosing” which section of the easement it wants to enforce.

“They were trying to get themselves out of protecting a Confederate monument basically,” Walker said. “And unfortunately that’s not the way the thing is written. Unfortunately for them.”

Langan disagrees, saying that because the easement's intent is to protect the historic courthouse and does not even mention the monument, it is not clear or obvious that the monument is protected. She said that if the DHR were to be consulted on the statue's removal, it may, depending on the circumstances, grant approval.

“It is not accurate to state that the easement prohibits removal,” Langan said.

Walker said the foundation believes its hands are tied when it comes to moving the statue. And even if there weren't any hurdles to move it, the foundation generally opposes the removal of monuments.

“I think we would much, much rather explore options to add context or add other monuments so that we are continuing to add to the historic fabric of our city and not remove it,” Walker said.

Plans to add signage near the Confederate statue are underway.

— Contact Josh Janney at jjanney@winchesterstar.com

(49) comments

Journey2goremtns1

@Jason Murray - seeing what's going on in America today who's party looks like the National Socialist German Workers' Party. Your party the Democrats aka socialist remember that word.

Jason Murray

@Journey2goremtns1 - I don't know, I don't recall any Democratic Presidents sending around unidentifiable Federal Police forces that shoved folks into unmarked vans nor clubbed Combat Veterans that opposed them while imposing Federal will over the wishes of the local government and population. I am also pretty certain I never heard about any Democratic officials in my lifetime using Federal troops to storm a public square, attack press and citizens alike, and commandeer private property owned by a church so that their leader could have a photo session while holding a bible that they have never read. However, I am certain that the Gestapo did things exactly like that.

Indeed, the sentiment expressed today by Trump's supporters and the corrupt Attorney General align exactly with historical support for Gestapo tactics under Hitler:

"As long as the police carries out the will of the leadership, it is acting legally".

SS officer Werner Best, one-time head of legal affairs in the Gestapo.

I suppose that in your book anyone who does not cower down and obey your fascist leader blindly, but instead endorses majority rule, is probably a socialist. But don't let me stop you from slinging around your meaningless ad hominem attacks.

Doc Samson

Wow. I guess that's one way of looking at the current state of affairs. Looks like irreconcilable differences to me...

Bryan.the.Nuri

Don't bother with actual facts. @journey is not interested. He is just hung up on the word "socialist".

Bryan.the.Nuri

You still don't know what a socialist, do you?

Whistle Dixie

Bernie Mac wrote: "And by the way, the Democratic Party is the party of slavery, the KKK, Jim Crow and segregation. And now they are also the party of rioting, arson, looting and violent attacks on law enforcement."

Yes indeed. The Democrat Party has caused an enormous amount of suffering in America. And they continue to do so. With the current violent upheavals in Democrat-controlled cities, and the more minor issues in areas where Leftists are attempting to cause more and more division, the Left does what it has done for many decades: THEY USE THEIR RACE CARD.

The Left ALWAYS uses race as a means to disrupt and divide people. The Left actually believes that they are more enlightened on race than any other group of individuals. Ironically, Leftists who are white learned this tactic from black Leftists. This divisive tactic was also utilized by playing the infamous National Socialist German Workers' Party card, as well. Julian Bond, past chairman of the NAACP, often used National Socialist German Workers' Party analogies. And Jesse Jackson often compared Republicans to genocidal National Socialist German Workers' Party members. Both men, fine upstanding Leftists.

Currently, the Left is heavily engaged in a race war against Conservatives. Again, the Left actually believes that they are more enlightened on race than any other group of individuals. Lately, the Left has been targeting American history -- specifically southern history...history of America’s Civil War.

The Left wants to rewrite the history of America’s Civil War, and they want to censor and destroy all artifacts and reminders of the American Confederacy. But the Left always points and blames at that which they themselves are guilty of. The Left’s projection of racism and victimhood is being turned around to discredit and blame Conservatives for the very racism that THEY have continued to sow.

The Left consistently pushes America’s Civil War Confederate history, segregationism onto Conservatives. Odd, though, that it is the Democratic Party that was home to Jim Crow for a century, the Party of the KKK, was very much isolationistic, and has been involved in the practice of eugenics. The black population has been a rich target for the Left to exploit for a very long time. Fortunately, many individuals in the black community have realized that the Democratic Party has victimized and used them, to further their own Leftist agenda. This reason alone has caused great concern within the Democrat Party because their Party has lost voters to President Trump. The #WalkAway movement is proof of the loss of black voters, and a number of Conservative blacks lead the way.

As we know, the Left practices revisionism to censor and rewrite a more flattering history for themselves so that Conservatives are ‘the bad guys’ while the Left is all-knowing, elite, and always correct.

Nothing could be further from the truth.... Using the race card and pushing victimhood onto the uneducated public has been done for so long that the tactics are easy to recognize. Often, through unsubstantiated and irrational perceptions, Leftists are trying to revise American history to suit their needs. In our locale, it’s a street name. And an artistic statue showing a defeated Confederate soldier, weary of war. To think that these things actually “threaten” people and cause these Leftists to issue a verbal proclamation that anyone and everyone who wants to keep American history as it stands screams desperation! But as we see, the Left is desperate.

Why is it that those of us who want American history to remain intact, those who speak out and object to the Left’s censorship and revisionism are called White supremacists? Because the Left has no grounds on which to stand, other than their own sordid, racist history. Being unable to debate or rationally converse with people about true American history epitomizes the ‘tolerant Left.’

The Left constantly expects Conservatives to atone for racism, now termed “systemic racism.” The question remains, though, as to why Conservatives are being held responsible, when history proves otherwise.

The Left thrives on victimhood. And the Left has been (and continues to be) involved with racial divides, keeping the poor on welfare, and racial eugenics. One of the latest Leftist agendas is to force racial blending (aka mixed marriages) -- intentional, propagandized advertisements are pushing this agenda at this time. Could it be that the Left is truly so caught up in their own radicalization they believe no one sees what they are doing? Do they really believe we don't understands their agenda? That's laughable. From comments here, including those of Bernie Mac, it is very apparent that Conservatives clearly understand Leftist tactics.

All that the Left has in their arsenal is lies, threats,violence, and a pitiful Presidential candidate who is so addled that he can't hold a conversation or walk from one room to another without being lost. Rather ironic.

Bernie Mac

I have very little patience for liars and hypocrites. The Democratic Party and the media are chock full of both.

Bernie Mac

Here's some irony. The 1994 crime bill has been declared racist by today's woke Democrats. And yet, they are running for president one of the authors of that bill. Facepalm!

Doc Samson

@Bernie - [lol] Biden is EXACTLY what they say they hate about Trump, i.e. mentally feeble, groping/assaulting females of all ages, wealthy beyond his means, racist, etc... [rolleyes]

Jason Murray

Scrambling to protect a monument to treason and white supremacy is exactly what I expect from the generational white supremacists who often post here (and mostly don't even live here anymore).

Even if all efforts by the majority of non-racist-glorifying-residents fail, the confederate commemoration will eventually stop because above all money talks.

For example, at some point some large company might want to come into Winchester and bring a lot of jobs, but they will demand that the town be scrubbed of Confederate propaganda first. Maybe it will be an investor for the conference center we want to build, but they won't invest out of fear they get the North Carolina boycott treatment, and so the statue is whisked away inside the courthouse to be replaced by a statue of Black Union Soldier. Perhaps when Trump loses the election, there will be a law passed stating that any cities with confederate monuments are not eligible to be locations for federal agencies that are relocating. I could see it being required because of the hostile community environment that the very diverse Federal workforce has to face in a town that glorifies white supremacy openly.

Suffice it to say, that when money finally talks, the racists will find out just quickly their party discards them. As such, its only a matter of time until we erase the symbology of white supremacy from our public spaces and put it inside of museums where it can be put into proper historical context (that context being that the Confederacy was a failed attempt by white supremacist traitors to establish a state built explicitly upon the false belief that white folks are superior to everyone else).

We have time and history is on our side. The white supremacists are losing ground.

Doc Samson

"the racists will find out just quickly their party discards them"

Um, is that why Coonman Northam is our governor and "Vote for me or you ain't black" Biden is your nominee? [rolleyes] I'd postulate that there are significantly less "white supremacists" than there were 30-40 years ago but that many of them reside in the Democrat party... if you cared to look.

Spock Here

Yep...money talks, ask Dan Snyder.

Sam

It strikes me that if the statue was erected to be a permanent fixture then it has become part of the real estate protected by the DHR easement, even though it was not expressly mentioned in the easement.

wterry4

Contrary to conventional wisdom among progressives, the US. Civil War was NOT

about abolishing slavery. Here is the quote from Lincoln's 1861 Inaugural.

"I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so."

Yes, as the war progressed into late 1862, the purpose became to "abolish slavery",

but the cause of a war is not determined midway through the war. It is determined at the beginning.

The actual causes are complex, bu the point is that statues should not be mindlessly removed when the activists do not understand the history or even their own long-term goals.

Jason Murray

wterry4 - It was not the North that decided that the war was foremost about slavery, but rather the South. In fact, they were quite clear about in their writings, their constitution, and in public addresses such as, for example, the infamous cornerstone speech:

"its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth."

Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens at the Athenaeum in Savannah, Georgia, on March 21, 1861.

Moreover, that belief in White Supremacy was fundamental to their philosophy and they considered the equality advocated in the US Constitution (even if that equality was not enjoyed by all) to have been a major reason for seceding. They plainly stated that they believed that any constitution based upon equality of the races was "in violation of the laws of nature". Again, Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens:

"The new Constitution has put at rest forever all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institution—African slavery as it exists among us—the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization. This was the immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution. Jefferson, in his forecast, had anticipated this, as the "rock upon which the old Union would split." He was right. What was conjecture with him, is now a realized fact. But whether he fully comprehended the great truth upon which that rock stood and stands, may be doubted. The prevailing ideas entertained by him and most of the leading statesmen at the time of the formation of the old Constitution were, that the enslavement of the African was in violation of the laws of nature; that it was wrong in principle, socially, morally and politically. It was an evil they knew not well how to deal with; but the general opinion of the men of that day was, that, somehow or other, in the order of Providence, the institution would be evanescent and pass away. [...] Those ideas, however, were fundamentally wrong. They rested upon the assumption of the equality of races. This was an error. It was a sandy foundation, and the idea of a Government built upon it—when the "storm came and the wind blew, it fell."

So, bottom line, whether you think Slavery was the chief cause of not, it was clear that the confederacy was formed explicitly upon a belief in white supremacy. You and others like you are literally defending a group of overt white supremacist traitors who would still have Black folks in chains if they had not been crushed by a righteous American military led by a greatest President ever to serve.

slowe

Wterry4, you are right, the war of rebellion was not fought to abolish slavery, it was fought to preserve slavery. It was started by the Confederacy’s attempt to secede from the United States, so that slavery in their states would not be threatened by the incoming Lincoln administration. The Confederacy was founded explicitly to maintain the enslavement of Africans. There is nothing complicated about that. The North fought at first only to prevent the secession, the division of the Union. Their initial purpose was not to abolish slavery.

ginamcintire

“It was written at a time when that’s how we wrote easements. It’s typical of its time.“

Hmmm, typical of its time. Now there’s a concept. There was a time when abusing your wife and children, however a “man” saw fit, was “typical of its time” now this is certainly, like slavery (also typical of its time) not an acceptable practice in most US cities today. We have moved on. However there seems to be some faction that wants to keep permanent rend in the fabric of the American experience. Why? Slavery is wrong. White, Black, Greek or Jew. Wrong. I think we can all agree on that.

Statues are not monuments to a concept (slavery) except on an individual level. Isn't beauty in the eye of the beholder? So tearing them down doesn’t erase anything it just makes it harder to remember. If we don’t remember our mistakes we are more apt to repeat them.

DHR has officially achieved bureaucrat status. No longer are they about protecting history. Now it’s about protecting their job. Saving face as the Japanese say. Can’t stand up for what is right, must flow with the status quo. Squeaky wheel syndrome. That’s disappointing.

Mr. Slowe just because the Confederacy “lost” the war does not mean they were wrong. Just look around the world. Does might always mean right. I dare say Miss Rosa Parks was a mild mannered, God fearing woman; however look at all the change she started. I say she did wore with her sit in than all the loud (foul) mouthed, name calling, police bashing, city burning thugs can ever hope to accomplish.

This nation is being eaten away from the inside. The cancer of “I’m more important than you; you are wrong, I’m right; gimme, gimme, gimme;” is killing us. We are one race, human, to think otherwise is criminal.

Journey2goremtns1

What did I tell you! Since City Council tabled renaming Jubal Early Drive the socialist need a secondary target!

Spock Here

''Berbrier points to examples of supremacist literature that claim the inability to express white pride produces a feeling of being “crushed” and the “Nordic spirit” being “broken down.” One news item in the NAAWP News pointed to a high suicide rate among white men as a sign of this supposed despair. Consequences—even imaginary ones—are essential to painting yourself as a victim, according to the sociological theory of "the dramatization of injury and innocence.” In other words, you’re just a blameless bystander; your attackers are everywhere, and they wish you harm.''

Whistle Dixie

Virginia has a biased and unconstitutional Democrat Governor who has somehow wriggled out from under his own racist behaviors (using blackface). Do Virginians expect that Virginia government, NPO, and NGO agencies are going to follow the laws of the Commonwealth, or will the corruption continue to push their disgusting agendas?

Texas Republican Congressman Louie Gohmert has introduced a House Resolution that called out the Democrats for their long, vivid, and horrific history of race card playing.

Congressman Gohmert said, "Many on the left and their willing accomplices in the media would tell you otherwise, yet a cursory examination of our nation’s factual history and records proves the riots and chaos that have swept across our country in recent months stand as a devastating reminder of the racist policies and values held by the Democratic Party throughout much of its history."

The race card no longer works. We will not tolerate the destruction of America.

Blondie

I'm with you, Whistle Dixie. We need more people like you.

shinyhappypeople

Did you actually quote Gohmert...the guy considered one of the dumbest people currently serving in Congress? The guy who refused to wear a mask and refused to let his staff wear masks- and now has Covid 19? That Einstein is who you’re quoting? Sorry- hard pass and keep it moving, chicken little....we all know the sky is not falling.

Spock Here

Gohmert thinks wearing a mask caused him to catch the virus, and you say he's stupid?? [crying][crying][alien]

travelingmamma

I wonder how Mr Lowe and the other anti-history proponents feel about the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum? Would they like that removed as well? Keeping your head in the sand will not change the facts.

Spock Here

A museum is one thing, a statue of Hitler would be another

Jason Murray

@travelingmamma - Have you been the Auschwitz? I have. It is not a memorial to the National Socialist German Workers' Party - it is kept as a condemnation of the National Socialist German Workers' Party and a memorial to their victims.

For confederate statues to be equivalent to a place like Aushwitz they would need to say something truthful like "these foolish traitors fought for white supremacy whether they knew it or not".

There would need to be rooms full of chains and bull whips and branding irons and lynching ropes.

If you go to Auschwitz you will get the message loud and clear that the National Socialist German Workers' Party attempt to eradicate Judaism was evil and that Jews and other National Socialist German Workers' Party victims suffered immensely.

As such, Auschwitz is actually intended to remember historical crimes in their proper context so that folks will not forget the truth whereas confederate monuments are a celebration of white supremacy and intended to promote a false narrative of nobility where there was in reality only criminality and hatred.

If you really want an equivalent of historical remembrance to Auschwitz, then I suggest you lobby to put up monuments that document the murder, rape, enslavement, and marginalization of Black folks for the last 400+ years. A good option would markers of lynching sites, or talking about red-lining laws in neighborhoods that still have (unenforceable) racial covenants on their home's deeds. These would be history that is intended to commemorate what actually happened as opposed to confederate propaganda revisionist lies that were cooked up after the war to ensure that folks like you could have your egos protected for generations to come.

(PS: I have had to spell out the proper name for the National Socialist German Workers' Party throughout this article because using the short version we all know if somehow considered to be such a slur that the profanity filter won't let me publish with it in my comments even though I am referring to the historical group and not using it as a slur against someone).

captain

Well what is the old saying learn for our mistakes. "History" if we get rid of it the next generation will not know it so lets keep or history standing so we all can learn from it. People cause all the issues not our HISTORY

Jason Murray

captain - for it to be history we would need to put up placards on every historical monument that say "this is in remembrance of folks who defended a government based upon white supremacy. They lost, but because we failed at reconstruction we have lies like this statue around to paint a picture of false nobility". Alternatively, we could just put up really big letters that say "LOSERS". That would allow us to make sure folks get the correct message about the "history" you want to preserve.

slowe

“Plans to add signage near the Confederate statue are underway.“ I challenge the Battlefields Foundation to share with us the draft of the signage they are planning. I dare them to publish the text and images of their planned signage.

libertyspirit

"the police killing of a Black man in Minneapolis by a white police officer " - there it is again. Capital B in black, lower case w in white. Do the "journalists" at the Star intend to be so incendiary or are they just making sure that readers know how "woke" they are. This is overt bigotry and all one has to do to prove it is turn it around. Make the w upper case and the b lower case and you would have idiots marching in the street, looting, destroying property and businesses, killing people and ruining lives. Come on Star, stop being part of the problem and offer up some objective reporting!

Doc Samson

@libertyspirit - The Star reporters are "woke", dontchaknow? Gotta keep up with the DNC/SJW mandates...

Whistle Dixie

libertyspirit, All that viewers need to do is read the content here at Winchester Star. Any "news" outlet that uses the AP feed isn't going to provide real news. The AP is not only biased, they are very inaccurate in their short pieces.

Blondie

Did you forget, they are a Democratic newspaper.

Spock Here

Poor victim didn't get a cap W LOL "Claims of subjugation may seem silly coming from whites, a group that still earns more, lives longer, and feels overall happier than African Americans do. But as Berbrier shows, victimhood is a powerful psychological mechanism for recruiting members, galvanizing around a cause, and forming what is essentially a support group—for people who really don’t need support"

slowe

All of the opposition to removing or moving the Confederate Statue inside just reveals that the Battlefields Foundation, and for that matter the Frederick County Board of Supervisors are pro-slavery, anti-Black, white supremacist racists. Preserving that statue in that location, as a show of pride, honor and values, is just a display of that despicable, obsolete, anti-American sentiment. The statue is a symbol of oppression and of traitors to the Union. It is a symbol of the losers, of the ones who were wrong. It is a symbol of something that was and is shameful and embarrassing. It should be removed from a place of honor and moved inside somewhere with signage explaining how thousands of them were erected in the Jim Crow era to remind whites that they were still in charge and to remind blacks that they were still considered as less and expendable. The Lost Cause is lost. Let it die.

Bernie Mac

Your comment is just plain stupid. Opposing the removal of statues does not make one a racist. That is nonsense! I see a statue of a young soldier and you see a "symbol of oppression"? You are a nut with a very childish imagination. You likely still check under your bed for the boogie man. Oh. And by the way, the Democratic Party is the party of slavery, the KKK, Jim Crow and segregation. And now they are also the party of rioting, arson, looting and violent attacks on law enforcement.

Spock Here

I do not think "umbrella man" is a democrat...nor are the "boogaloo boys." You are a nut with a very childish imagination

Jason Murray

@Bernie Mac - Racist southerners (who championed slavery, the KKK, Jim Crow, and Segregation and now champion Jim Crow 2.0) mostly abandoned the Democratic Party after 1964 when President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act on July 2, 1964. This shift has continued over time and President Trump was even officially endorsed by the KKK in 2016. Indeed, former KKK Grand Wizard David Duke just endorsed Trump again on July 9th of this very year.

That said, its true that Democrats were once the party of the Klan, but in 2020 that dishonor firmly belongs to Republicans. Not every conservative is racist, but a good many that remain with the republican party and support Trump are very much racist. Continuing to support the Republican party at this point requires at a minimum the willingness to look the other way when the leader of the party says racist things or retweets support for hate posted by avowed racist leaders.

Unfortunately, these days its very apt to observe that, with the exception of folks like the Lincoln Project and Never Trumpers, you can't spell ConseRvAtivISM without R-A-C-I-S-M.

Bernie Mac

Those are lies! If it happened, you should have no problem giving us the names of dozens of Democratic Party representatives that left the party. And why did Robert Byrd and George Wallace remain Democrats?

Bernie Mac

Southern racist Democrats were against the Civil Rights Act. Republicans supported it. Why would southern racist Democrats join the party that supported the Civil Rights Act? They wouldn't and they didn't. It is a lie!

Bernie Mac

https://thehill.com/opinion/campaign/402754-the-myth-of-nixons-southern-strategy

Bernie Mac

"Among the racist Dixiecrats, Strom Thurmond of South Carolina was the sole senator to defect to the Republicans — and he did this long before Nixon’s time. Only one Dixiecrat congressman, Albert Watson of South Carolina, switched to the GOP. The rest, more than 200 Dixiecrat senators, congressmen, governors and high elected officials, all stayed in the Democratic Party."

Bernie Mac

You can't spell Democrat without R-A-T.

Jason Murray

@Bernie Mac - Strom Thurmond, Mike Pence, Trent Lott, and Jesse Helms come to mind immediately of course. That said, here are some more:

1960s – Arthur Ravenel Jr., South Carolina State Representative, later U.S. Representative from South Carolina (1987–1995)

1960 – Claude R. Kirk Jr., later Governor of Florida (1967–1971)

1960 – Charlton Lyons

1962 – Dave Treen, later U.S. Representative from Louisiana (1973–1980) and Governor of Louisiana (1980–1984)

1962 – Jack M. Cox, former Texas State Representative

1962 – James D. Martin, later U.S. Representative from Alabama (1965–1967)

1962 – Ronald Reagan, while an actor and former Screen Actors Guild president.[13] Later 33rd Governor of California (1967-1975) and 40th President of the United States (1981–1989)

1962 – Floyd Spence, South Carolina State Representative, later a U.S. Representative from South Carolina (1971–2001)

1963 – Rubel Phillips, former Mississippi Public Service Commissioner

1963 – Stanford Morse, Mississippi State Senator

1963 – James H. Boyce

1964 – Alfred Goldthwaite, Alabama State Representative

1964 – Clarke Reed

1964 – Howard Callaway, later U.S. Representative from Georgia (1965–1967) and United States Secretary of the Army (1973–1975)[14]

1964 – Iris Faircloth Blitch, former Georgia U.S. Representative (1955–1963)

1964 – Charles W. Pickering, later Mississippi State senator and judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi (2004)

1964 – Strom Thurmond, while U.S. senator from South Carolina (1954–2003).[15]

1965 – Albert W. Watson, while U.S. Representative from South Carolina (1963–1971) (resigned before switching parties and regained his seat in a special election)[16]

1965 – Roderick Miller, Louisiana State Representative

1966 – Marshall Parker, South Carolina State Senator

1966 – Joseph O. Rogers Jr., South Carolina State Representative

1966 – Thomas A. Wofford, former U.S. Senator from South Carolina (1956)

1966 – Len E. Blaylock, later U.S. Marshal for the Eastern District of Arkansas (1975–1978)

1966 – Jerry Thomasson, Arkansas State Representative

1966 – Henry Grover, Texas State Representative

1967 – Thad Cochran, later U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1978–2018)

1967 – William E. Dannemeyer, later U.S. Representative from California (1979–1992)[17]

1967 – Allison Kolb, former Louisiana State Auditor (1952–1956)

1968 – William Reynolds Archer Jr., while a Texas State Senator, later U.S. Representative from Texas (1971–2001)

1968 – Will Wilson, former attorney general of Texas (1957–1963)

1968 – James L. Bentley, Comptroller General of Georgia (1963–1971)

1968 – Gerald J. Gallinghouse, later United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Louisiana (1970–1978)

1970 – Jesse Helms, later U.S. Senator from North Carolina (1973–2003)

1970 – A. C. Clemons, Louisiana State Senator

1970 – William Oswald Mills, later U.S. Representative from Maryland (1971–1973)

1970 – Bob Barr, later U.S. Representative from Georgia (1995–2003)

1971 – Tillie K. Fowler, later U.S. Representative from Florida (1993–2001)

1972 – Ed Karst, Mayor of Alexandria

1972 – Robert R. Neall, later Secretary of the Maryland Department of Health (2018–present)

1972 - Thomas F. Hartnett, former U.S. Representative from South Carolina (1981-1987)

1972 – Trent Lott, later U.S. Representative from Mississippi (1973–1989) and U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1989–2007)[18]

1973 – Mills E. Godwin Jr., former governor of Virginia (1966–1970) and Lieutenant Governor of Virginia (1962–1966). Later Governor of Virginia (1974–1978)

1973 – Samuel I. Hayakawa, later U.S. Senator from California (1977–1983) [19]

1973 – John Connally, former United States Secretary of the Treasury (1971–1972) and former governor of Texas (1963–1969)

1975 – Elizabeth Dole, later United States Secretary of Transportation (1983–1987), United States Secretary of Labor (1989–1990) and U.S. Senator from North Carolina (2003–2009)

1975 – John Jarman, while U.S. Representative from Oklahoma (1951–1977)[20]

1976 – Rob Couhig

1977 – A. J. McNamara, Louisiana State Representative

1977 – Lane Carson, Louisiana State Representative

1978 – Robert G. Jones, Louisiana State Senator

1978 – Chris Smith, later U.S. Representative from New Jersey (1981–present).[21]

1978 – Thomas Bliley, Mayor of Richmond, Virginia, and later U.S. Representative from Virginia (1981–2001)

1978 – Michael F. "Mike" Thompson, Louisiana State Representative

1979 – Charles Grisbaum Jr., Louisiana State Representative

1979 – Ed Scogin, Louisiana State Representative

1979 – Armistead I. Selden Jr., former U.S. Representative from Alabama (1953–1969) and United States Ambassador to New Zealand (1974–1979)

1980s – S. S. DeWitt, Louisiana State Representative

1980s – Mike Pence,[22] U.S Representative for Indiana. Later Governor of Indiana (2013–2017) and Vice President of the United States (2017–present)

1980 – Sam Yorty, former U.S Representative for California (1951–1955) and Mayor of Los Angeles (1961–1973)

1980 – Mac Collins, later U.S Representative from Georgia (1993–2005)

1980 – Jim Donelon, later Louisiana Insurance Commissioner (2006–present)

1980 – Jesse Monroe Knowles, Louisiana State Senator

1980 – Frank D. White, later Governor of Arkansas (1981–1983)

1980 – J.C. "Sonny" Gilbert, Louisiana State Representative

1981 – Bob Stump, while U.S. Representative from Arizona (1977–2003)

1981 – Eugene Atkinson, while U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania (1979–1983)[23]

1982 – Condoleezza Rice, later United States National Security Advisor (2001–2005) and United States Secretary of State (2005–2009)[24]

1982 – Joseph P. Wyatt Jr., former U.S. Representative from Texas (1979–1981)

1983 – Phil Gramm, while U.S. Representative from Texas (1979–1985) and later U.S. Senator from Texas (1985–2002)

1983 – Bob Martinez, while Mayor of Tampa. Later Governor of Florida (1987–1991) and Director of the National Drug Control Policy (1991–1993)

1983 – Edward D.L.G. Pangelinan, while Resident Representative from the Northern Mariana Islands (1978–1984)[25]

1984 – V.J. Bella, Louisiana State Representative

1984 – Andy Ireland, while U.S. Representative from Florida (1977–1993)

1984 – H. Edward Knox, Mayor of the City of Charlotte

1984 – Sonny Callahan, Alabama State Senator. Later U.S Representative from Alabama (1985–2003)

1985 – Jeane Kirkpatrick, while U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (1981–1985)[26]

1985 – Edward J. King, former governor of Massachusetts (1979–1983)[27]

1985 – Dexter Lehtinen, Florida State Representative. Later U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Florida (1988–1992)

1985 – Kent Hance, former U.S. Representative from Texas (1979–1985)

1985 – Jock Scott, Louisiana State Representative

1985 – Carole Keeton Strayhorn, later Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts (1999–2007)

1986 – William Bennett, while U.S. Secretary of Education (1985–1988)[28]

1986 – Richard Baker, Louisiana State Representative. Later U.S. Representative from Louisiana (1987–2008)

1986 – Charles T. Canady, Florida State Representative. Later U.S. Representative from Florida (1993–2001), Justice of the Supreme Court of Florida (2008–present) and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Florida (2010–2012)

1986 – Frank Rizzo, former mayor of Philadelphia (1972–1980)

1986 – James David Santini, former U.S. Representative from Nevada (1975–1983)

1987 – Paul Hardy, former secretary of state of Louisiana (1976–1980), later Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana (1988–1992)

1987 – Roy Moore, later Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court (2001–2003)

1987 – Edward Vrdolyak, member of the Chicago City Council and chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party. He joined the Republican Party after a failed effort to oust Harold Washington as the nominee of the Illinois Solidarity Party in the 1987 mayoral election.[29]

1987 – Sam Panayotovich, Illinois State Representative and political ally of Vrodlyak.[30]

1987 – James C. Smith, Attorney General of Florida (1979–1987), later Florida Secretary of State (1987–1995)

1988 – Jim McCrery, later U.S. Representative from Louisiana (1988–2009)

1988 – David Duke, Louisiana State Representative

1988 – Mike Johanns, later Governor of Nebraska (1999–2005), United States Secretary of Agriculture (2005–2007) and U.S. Senator from Nebraska (2009–2015)

1988 – John Rice, Alabama State Senator[31]

1989 – John Amari, Alabama State Senator

1989 – Pete Johnson, while State Auditor of Mississippi (1988–1992)

1989 – Bill Grant, while U.S. Representative from Florida (1987–1991)

1989 – Tommy F. Robinson, while U.S. Representative from Arkansas (1985–1991)

1989 – Rick Perry, Agriculture Commissioner of Texas. Later Governor of Texas (2000–2015)[32]

1989 – W. Fox McKeithen, Secretary of State of Louisiana (1988–2005)

Bernie Mac

Jason Murray, you are a LIAR! The subject matter is "racist southerners". To assume that anyone that left the racist Democratic Party is a racist is the lowest, most despicable LIE that I have ever seen on this newspapers site. You are a despicable, disgusting, dishonest cretin! Shame on you! And your Democratic Party comrades.

Conservative

Thailand is calling, Slowe. Will you answer?

Bryan.the.Nuri

Why are you so hung up on Thailand?

Blondie

slowe, why don't you be quiet. No one wants to read your ramblings.

Bryan.the.Nuri

Well, there's is that. Remove the statue to the inside of the courthouse. There is no need for a participation trophy to be on display.

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